Brief History of Japanese poem and Zappai

            <<雑俳|Zappai

Brief History of Japanese poem and Zappai
| 雑俳を中心とした日本「歌」小史 [en]
19Oct.2018 CC BY SA (3.0) by M3

Imported “Letters” from Chinese as “Kanji”(6c)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_characters
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_language

invented of “Japanese” “Letters” “Hiragana” – “Katakana” for especially women who could not read “Kanji”(7c)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiragana

The oldest history book KOJIKI(古事記; 8c), NIHONSHOKI(日本書紀; 720) as a book style and written with calligraphy and special ink on special Japanese paper (Washi, 和紙 : no print), Kyoto
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kojiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nihon_Shoki

“Waka” aka “Tanka” 5 – 7 – 5 – 7 – 7 (start around 8c), mainly Kyoto
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waka_(poetry)

“MAKURA-NO-SOUSHI” by SEISHO-NAGON 枕草子 by 清少納言 famous essay by women(1002), Kyoto
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pillow_Book

“GENJI Monogatari”(The Tale of ‘GENJI’) by MURASAKISHIKIBU 源氏物語 by 紫式部- the first women novel in Japan(Before 1021; 11c), Kyoto
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Tale_of_Genji

“Hyakunin Isshu” 100 series of “Tanka” from 100 people (13c), mainly Kyoto
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ogura_Hyakunin_Isshu
“TSUREZUREGUSA” by YOSHIDA, Kenko (Kenko-Hoshi) – famous essay by him

“Tsurezuregusa” (徒然草) by YOSHIDA, Kenko (Kenko-houshi[monk]) essay by him (1332), Kyoto
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsurezuregusa

Edo period(17c-19c)
“Haikai” “Haiku” 5 – 7 – 5, start from Kyoto
MATSUO, Basho traveled whole Japan and created his poems along travel / KOBAYASHI, Issa

“Zappai” 5 – 7 – 5 but not Haikai (no strict rule, no season keyword, no senerly even criticize their life, people, politics, economics, news, trend..), start from Kyoto
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zappai

“Kanku” 冠句 (“Kasa-duke” 笠付け), start from Kyoto
HORIUCHI, Unko(Kyoto (1665 ~ 1728-05-02; age 64, 18c) 京都五条坂・迎光庵 俳諧師 堀内雲皷
[ja] https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%A0%80%E5%86%85%E9%9B%B2%E9%BC%93

(Meiji era 19c-20c modernism of Japan literature and many influences from western culture,
start “Modern” novel style, TSUBOUCHI, Shoyo / NATSUME, Souseki / MORI, Ougai / (Poemer)MASAOKA, Shiki .. , Tokyo/Matsuyama/London/Germany ..)

(Taisho era 20c start of WAR | The first women modern poet YOSANO, Akiko publish her works, mainly Tokyo
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yosano_Akiko )

(Showa era 20c end of WAR | 1st Nobel prize for KAWABATA, Yasunari / OE, Kenzaburou / Die of MISHIMA, Yukio, Tokyo/Kamakura)

(Heisei era 20c-21c start of Digital age)

”Kanku” Magazine 正風冠句誌 文芸塔 (since 1927 : Showa 2, Kyoto)
http://www.prodigi.jp/~bungeito
OTA, Kusataro 太田久佐太郎, Kyoto
1937 KAN-OH-KU-HI (Kanku statue) 冠翁句碑, Kyoto
Jotoku-ji Temple 上徳寺 , Kyoto
早川桜月 HAYAKAWA Ougetsu, Kyoto
1,000 volumes of magazine (21c), Kyoto
Bungeito Editor MATSUO, Akemi 松尾明美, Kyoto
      MATSUURA, Uiro 松浦外郎, Aichi
SRef. [ja] https://appsv.main.teikyo-u.ac.jp/tosho/tiwaasa20.pdf

TAWARA, Machi(1987, 20c[end of Showa era]), Tokyo
“サラダ記念日”(Salad Kinenbi : Really special day of myself of salad)
 ・・・ created new trend of “Tanka” . new “Tanka ” era with easy, casual, present, contemporaly Japanese, she selled 2.6 million of “サラダ記念日”
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machi_Tawara

..ITO-EN “Oi-ocha” bottle “New Haikai” started in 1989 under the infruence of TAWARA, Machi(her boom was 1987) and MATSUO, Basho(that is the special year after 300 years he traveled Japan and created poems)
[ja] https://www.itoen.co.jp/new-haiku/about/index.html
https://itoen-shinhaiku.jp/en/

Media mix
TV TBS “PREBATLE!” [jounle: varaety]
enjoy Haikai creation process among TV star/”Talent”/Comedian/”Idle”/Actor ..
[ja] https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%97%E3%83%AC%E3%83%90%E3%83%88!!

Businessman “Senryu”
special contest of “Senryu” for business-man held by famous health-insurance company “Daiichi-Seimei” (Dai-ichi-life; 第一生命)
Those poem always on the news at the year end (December) and we Japanese look after “this year” because those poem write about this year trend in especially business~economics and politics, movement, accidents, tragedy, so on..
[ja] http://event.dai-ichi-life.co.jp/company/senryu/

“THIS YEAR KANJI”
this event also common among Japanese people and on the news, also we look back “this year” with this one symbolic letter KANJI written and performed in Kyoto [Kiyomizu-dera temple]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanji_of_the_year

Buta(武太), “Zappai and wordplay” (since 2018)
http://oyajigag.org/zappai

Question
Do Japanese need something not direct info. like video or audio of events/accidents/situations in Japan/World?
Do Japanese need non-direct expressions and creations like literature(poem(Senryu )) and Calligraphy artworks?
Do Japanese have some common-knowledge or intelligence to understand/enjoy literature(poem(Senryu )) and artwork from their high-quality-education?
Do Japanese have to say “Thank you Japan and Japanese ancestors, give us such high-education!”?

“Haikai” family
“Haikai”(“Haiku”) in wide 5 – 7 – 5 <=> “Tanka”(“Waka”) ~ “Renga” 5 – 7 – 5 – 7 – 7
  |_”Haikai” in nallow
  |_”Zappai” (not “Haiku” in nallow)
    :
    |_”Kanku” original by Edo period HORIUCHI, Unko

Ref.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_literature

Contemporary “Senryu” from NHK program “Close up Gendai+”, No.3616, 2015-02-16
[ja] http://www.nhk.or.jp/gendai/articles/3616/1.html

[pt] Gisele G. Wolkoff, “Transculturalidade e Poesia: Brasil, Irlanda e Japão”,
2018-10-20, O Coloquio e a Assembleia Geral da AJELB de 2018 , Tenri University, Nara
https://docs.google.com/document/d/19BTcnSIrqgcVOovT6Yp4VHR3j66B4WoaKXTWiINL2wo